“The typical organization loses 5% of revenues in a given year as a result of fraud” (ACFE, 2016).
The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) reports that the banking and financial services, government and public administration, and manufacturing industries are the most represented sectors in the occupational fraud cases. Their employees commit a fraud intentionally often because of financial pressure, job dissatisfaction, greed etc. Why do they do it?
According to the Fraud Triangle, there are three reasons for a person to commit an occupational fraud. But are some people more likely to violate the ethical norms of their company than others? Psychologists say yes – the so-called Dark Triad (Machiavellianism, Narcissism, and subclinical Psychopathy) are found to be related to counterproductive behavior such as fraud, deception or collusion.
DARK FOUR is a personality test which is based on the Dark Triad but adds a fourth dimension – greed.
- ACFE. (2016). Report to the nations on occupational fraud and abuse: 2016 global fraud survey. Austin, Tex.: Association of Certified Fraud Examiners.